World Thyroid Day is an annual event that unites people worldwide to raise awareness about thyroid-related disorders, including thyroid cancer. In this article, our objective is to equip you with crucial information and perspectives on thyroid cancer. By identifying symptoms, utilizing self-check methods, and exploring preventative measures, we can collectively strive to tackle thyroid cancer and safeguard lives.

Understanding Thyroid Cancer: A Key Focus on World Thyroid Day

Thyroid cancer arises when malignant cells develop within the thyroid gland’s tissues, situated at the neck’s front. Although it can often be effectively treated when detected early, numerous individuals remain asymptomatic until the disease advances, complicating its management. The thyroid gland makes hormones that help regulate your metabolism, heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature.

Crucial Thyroid Cancer Statistics: Raising Awareness

Comprehending the prevalence and implications of thyroid cancer is essential for raising awareness and encouraging early detection. Consider the following vital statistics:

  • The American Cancer Society estimates that around 43,720 new cases of thyroid cancer cases will be diagnosed in the United States in 2023 (12,540 in men and 31,180 in women), resulting in approximately 2,120 deaths (970 in men and 1,150 in women).
  • Thyroid cancer is about 3 times more common in women than in men, and it is about 70% more common in White people than in Black people, who have the lowest rate.
  • Thyroid cancer is often diagnosed at a younger age than most other adult cancers. The average age when a person is diagnosed with thyroid cancer is 51. 
  • In the United States, the 5-year survival rate for people with thyroid cancer is 98%.

Be Proactive: Utilize Self-Check Techniques for Thyroid Cancer

Actively monitoring your health and recognizing thyroid cancer’s early warning signs can significantly impact early detection and treatment. Although self-check techniques should not substitute professional medical consultations, they can offer essential initial steps in identifying potential symptoms. Empower yourself with these self-check methods:

  • Identify symptoms: Acquaint yourself with typical thyroid cancer symptoms, such as neck lumps or swelling, swallowing difficulties, trouble breathing, hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away and pain in the front of the neck, sometimes going up to the ears. Remember that these symptoms may also be related to less severe health issues, so consult a healthcare professional if you observe any changes.
  • Keep a symptom journal: Recording symptoms can help facilitate discussions with healthcare providers. By monitoring symptoms over time, you can pinpoint patterns or changes requiring further examination.
  • Conduct regular neck examinations: routinely inspect your neck for changes such as lumps, bumps, or swollen glands. You can watch the video below, made by Dr. Rashmi Roy, to learn how to perform the examination.

Preventive Measures: Lowering Thyroid Cancer Risk

Although preventing thyroid cancer is not entirely possible, adopting several measures can help reduce risk:

  • Manage radiation exposure: Be mindful of radiation sources, such as specific medical treatments or work-related hazards. Consult your healthcare provider about potential risks and protective measures.
  • Understand your genetic background: Knowing whether you have a genetic predisposition to thyroid cancer can inform your healthcare decisions.
  • Lead a healthy lifestyle: A balanced diet, consistent exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight can decrease the risk of various cancers, including thyroid cancer.


World Thyroid Day presents an opportunity for the global community to unite and address thyroid-related disorders, including thyroid cancer. By increasing awareness, promoting early detection, and encouraging preventive strategies, we can contribute to a healthier future for all. By acquainting ourselves with thyroid cancer’s symptoms, implementing self-check techniques, and adopting preventive measures, we can make a difference in the fight against thyroid cancer and save lives.

On World Thyroid Day, let us come together to raise awareness, support those affected, and work towards a brighter, healthier future. Education and awareness about thyroid cancer and other thyroid-related disorders are essential in improving diagnosis, treatment, and quality of life for those impacted. By working together, we can make a lasting impact and bring hope to those who need it most.